Taxation is the charge paid either directly by the taxpayers or indirectly by the government based on the performance of an obligation. A tax is generally a direct financial charge levied on a taxpayer by some governmental agency in order to finance various public expenses and government spending. evasion or refusal to pay is punishable by criminal law. Generally, tax rates are progressive, which means that the income or assets of the wealthy become more taxed as his wealth increases while the incomes of the poorer become less taxed as his wealth decreases.
The different types of indirect tax are Service Tax, Excise Tax, and Sales Tax. Each one of these can be further subdivided into several other types such as property tax, property value valuation tax, sales tax and personal income tax. Service Tax is imposed to ensure efficient distribution of revenue among the states for roads, education, health care and so on. Excise Tax is imposed to ensure the efficiency of the distribution of revenue among the states and is also charged separately. On the other hand, Sales Tax is imposed to make payment for the products purchased within a defined territory and is collected by all kinds of sales including retail sales and wholesale sales.
Sales Tax is imposed directly by the state and is calculated according to the rate of markup applied to the price of goods sold. Although it is called “direct tax,” the actual charge to the taxpayer for such taxes is indirect in nature because it is effected through indirect taxes, which are the taxes that are not visible to the customer such as sales tax and its variations and its special privileges attached to it. This is because most sales transactions are not covered under the direct tax laws and are exempted from direct taxes. Instead, this kind of indirect tax is imposed on the seller and is deductible from the price of the goods sold.
One important principle in tax law is that the amount of tax to be levied on a particular transaction is decided after consideration of three important factors. These are the taxable income, the standard deduction and the exemptions. The standard deduction ensures that the taxpayer receives a sufficient tax return for his or her taxable income. Thus, a person with a very high standard deduction (say $antine) will receive more total tax returns than a person with a very low one (say zero dollars).
A very important feature in taxation is proportional tax. This is implemented when a tax rate is levied on certain categories of income like capital gains and dividends and so on. If the categories of income fall into a particular range, the ratio between them and the overall taxable income is very low or even zero. In case the ratios are high, a high-income earner has to pay relatively high amount of tax than someone with a low-income but higher earning capacity. The proportional tax rate is very important because it aims to ensure that the burden of taxation is evenly distributed between the different classes of income earners.
Many corporate taxes such as sales tax, franchise tax and property tax are based on indirect taxes. These taxes are levied directly by the government on producers or retailers of a specific good or service, while indirect taxes are indirectly passed on through trade. Examples of indirect taxes include food taxes, fuel taxes, etc. When a business produces or sells something, it needs to compute the direct and indirect taxes that it needs to pay in order to operate its business.